The Prime Pixel A place to klutz around Tue, 01 Jul 2008 16:19:51 +0000 en The Lost Room (2006) - Download Mon, 19 May 2008 19:00:00 +0000 joshmax
The Lost Room is a science fiction television miniseries that aired on the Sci Fi Channel in the United States. The series revolves around a room and some everyday items from that room that possess unusual powers. The show’s main character, Joe Miller, is searching for these objects in order to rescue his daughter, Anna, who has disappeared inside the Room.

Once a typical 1960’s motel room along Route 66, the Lost Room has gone through what’s called ‘An Event’ or ‘Incident’ that erased the room and all of its contents from history. The room now only exists outside of the normal time and space dimensions.
List of Mac OSX Common processes Tue, 01 Jan 2008 23:21:27 +0000 joshmax

Ever wondered what all those processes in Mac OSX Activity Monitor are?

In Activity Monitor you might find a list of processes running upwards of 100 and over 500 threads!

By default you’ll only see the applications you launched, to see the full process list, click on the popup menu located in the title bar with the label ‘Show’ underneath, and choose ‘All Processes’.

Now you might wonder are all these necessary?
Is there something lurking here that’s just consuming my CPU power and I don’t really need it? Unfortunately, most of the time the answer is yes! Remember that nice little app with that cute icon you just had to try? Or a program you used for a while then deleted it?

Many applications install several small resident programs called daemons These small programs usually run even when the application isn’t. Even worse, certain applications will install daemons as startup items so they start every time you turn on your computer. Unless the application comes with an uninstaller, daemons might remain in your system and run constantly even if you delete the original application!

Depending on your system and applications, some of the listed processes may or may not show up. Some of the listed processes have been discontinued.

Last updated: July 1st, 2008

For a full technical listing check Apple Developer Connection

Jump to:    A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y

Adobe LM Service

Adobe License Management Service


This is Adobe’s license management service, It’s used to make sure you have a valid serial number and are not using a pirated copy of their software. This process can be killed, but it will relaunch when you use one of their products.

Airport Base Station Agent

Airport Base Station Agent


Monitors base stations on the network and provides software updates.


Airport daemon


Configures wireless card parameters automatically. Also, automatically connects to preferred wireless networks after restart if the network is available.


Application Enhancer daemon


Developed by Unsanity for their Application Enhancer (APE) framework, it has the ability to load APE modules or haxies when certain applications are launched.

Apple Events

Apple Events


Provides GUI Scripting for AppleScript.


Apple File Protocol server


Shares your personal files, only present if you have enabled ‘Personal File Sharing’. To enable/disable; Launch System Preferences. Select Sharing. Select the Services tab. Select Personal File Sharing and check/uncheck the box.


Apple Spell


Provides spelling services throughout the system.


Apple Type Solution Server


Apple font management.


AutoFS daemon


Runs in the background and waits for network filesystem requests or configuration changes, and when such an event occurs, launches automount to update the mount points.


AutoFS Mount


Automatically Mounts/Unmounts Network Filesystems based on information provided by AutoFS. (See above)


Born Again Shell


GNU’s bash is a Command Line Interface (CLI) shell / interface. The application Terminal in Utilities is an example of a CLI shell that uses bash.


Bluetooth daemon


Responsible for bluetooth communication.


Core Graphics PDF To Raster


A CUPS (Common Unix Printing System) filter that rasterizes vector based graphics into pixels in order to be used by the printer.


AFP Client Session Monitor


Monitors AFP (Apple Filing Protocol) connections.


System Configuration daemon


Provides notifications to applications about system configuration changes.


CoreAudio daemon


Introduced with OSX version 10.4. Used for CoreAudio Related Purposes.


Core Services Daemon


Security Server.


Crash Detection and Panic Logging daemon


Responsible for crash detection. Listens for exceptions and launches Crash Reporter to investigate and report the crash to the user.


Crontab daemon


Responsible to execute scheduled commands. Looks through the crontab files and follows scheduled instructions. Cron wakes up every minute, to examine all stored crontab files, checking if something needs to be run in the current minute.


Common Unix Printing System daemon


Responsible to execute scheduled commands. Looks through the crontab files and follows scheduled instructions. Cron wakes up every minute, to examine all stored crontab files, checking if something needs to be run in the current minute.


Client-side URL Transfers


Used to transfer data from and to a server. Supports the following protocols: HTTP, FTP, GOPHER, DICT, TELNET, LDAP & FILE. Designed to operate autonomously.


DirectoryService daemon


Part of the Open Directory technology, DirectoryService gathers directory access information which includes permissions for directories and mounted disks and provides it to whatever program requested it.


Disk Arbitration daemon


Notifies the system about the appearance and disappearance of disks and filesystems, also manages the mounting of disks & filesystems and arbitrates claiming of disks.


Distributed Notifications daemon


Provides distributed notifications services.


Dynamic pager external storage manager


Manages a pool of swap files which is used by the system to support demand paging (virtual memory). Dynamic pager adds swap files as system load increases, and deletes files when the resources are no longer needed.




Proprietary process by Prosoft Data Backup. You will only have this in your system if you have installed Prosoft’s Data Backup program. Very difficult to get rid of, keeps showing up every time you use Data Backup; even if there isn’t anything scheduled.


HFS File System Consistency Check


The fsck_hfs utility verifies and repairs standard HFS and HFS+ file systems.


Filesystem Events daemon


Provides a way for applications to monitor when the contents of a directory are modified. For example a backup program needs to know whether a file/folder has been changed since a given date.


FTP (File Transfer Protocol) daemon


TheFTP is an internet protocol for transferring files. ftpd listens to the specified port (usually 21) for connection requests, and processes authentication and file transfers.


Global Regular Expression Print


Searches an input file for lines containing a match to the given regular expression (regexp) pattern.


Groff document formatting system


Groff (GNU troff) software is a Command Line Interface (CLI) typesetting package which reads plain text mixed with formatting commands and produces formatted output.


Groff Teletypewriter driver


Grotty translates the output of GNU troff into a form suitable for typewriter-like devices.


HDI Driver


Responsible for disk image loading and for compressed disk image decompression.


Human Interface Device daemon




Apache HyperText Transfer protocol (HTTP) server daemon


The Apache HTTP Server is an open-source HTTP server which serves pages from your computer to the public. The default server folder is located in /Library/WebServer/Documents. Usually running only if you have ‘Personal Web Sharing’ selected in ‘System Preferences’.


iCal Alarm Scheduler


Alerts you about upcoming appointments.

Image Capture Extension

Image Capture Extension


Works with the Image Capture application, receives events from external peripherals used by Image Capture.

iTunes Helper

iTunes Helper


Launches iTunes automatically when an audio CD is entered or when an iPod has been connected.


Process control initialization


Part of the boot process. Reads the initialization information file (ttys) and executes the commands. Usually executes the login utility.


Input/output UPS daemon


If you have an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) connected to your computer (usually through USB), this process will monitor the UPS status. In the event of a power failure, ioupsd will follow the procedures specified in the ‘Energy Saver’ preferences panel.


IP Configuration daemon


Retrieve configuration and sets IP network parameters automatically.


IPIP Firewall Logger deamon


Logs connection attempts when a firewall is active.


Kernel Task


Handles system kernel tasks.


Kernel Event Agent


Disk & server events notifications. Notifies users about file and disk problems.


Kernel Extension daemon


A daemon process that handles requests for on demand loading & unloading system extensions.


Launch CFM Application


Runs CFM (carbon) Applications.


Launch daemon


Manages and launches daemons. launchd is the first process called by the system during startup, once running launchd looks through certain system folders for daemons to launch.




Less allows binary files to be read backwards.




The login process logs in users into the computer.


Login Window


A small program that displays the Login window after the system starts up, and allows you to enter a username and password.


Lookup daemon


The lookup daemon is a process that finds information like usernames, computer names, printers and IP addresses and provides the results to programs that requested them.


Little Snitch daemon


Proprietary daemon by Objective Development’s Little Snitch application. Little Snitch informs you whenever a program attempts to establish an outgoing Internet connection. You can then choose to allow or deny this connection, or define a rule how to handle similar, future connection attempts.


Launch Services Database Registration


Registers applications in the Launch Services database. The Launch Services database keeps track of all application and what kind of files they can open.


Mach Initializer


Mach kernel bootstrap (starts the system).




Displays and formats online UNIX manual pages.


Managed Client X Daemon Compositor


Controls preference files for managed accounts.


Metadata importer


Imports file hierarchies to spotlight metadata server (the Spotlight indexing engine).


Multicast DNS Responder daemon


Provides network service announcement service.


Metadata server


Metadata indexing engine for Spotlight.


Metadata synchronizer


Metadata synchronizing for Spotlight.


Membership resolution daemon


Used by the system to resolves group membership permission conflicts.


NetInfo daemon


Domain information server.


NFS asynchronous I/O server


Enables NFS (Network File System) asynchronous Input/Output data transfer (concurrent data streams), and improves disk performance.


Notification server


Mac OS X notification system.


Network time protocol daemon


An operating system daemon which automatically synchronizes and maintains the system time through internet standard time servers. NTPD usually checks for the correct time every 1000 seconds. If the configuration file is missing, NTPD will poll the time server every 64 seconds, until it can determine how accurate the built-in time keeping chip is and reduce the checking frequency to a level where the timescale is effectively continuous.


  Tiger  Leopard

OCSP and CRL daemon


Used by the security framework. Retreives and manages a list of revoked security certificates via the OCSP (Online Certificate Status Protocol).


PC/SC Smartcard daemon


A daemon that coordinates communications with smartcard readers. PC/SC Smartcard daemon will load the correct driver for different types of card readers allowing applications to communicate with smartcards without knowing specific technical details of the card reader chipset.


Piton daemon


Proprietary multicast daemon. Used by EMC Insignia’s Retrospect backup software to find local backup client.


Pasteboard Server


Provides pasteboard (caching) services.


Process Monitor Tool


Invoked by the Activity Monitor. Polls the system and collects detailed process information, which is usually displayed in ‘Activity Monitor’.


Port Mapper


Converts RPC program numbers to DARPA protocol numbers. RPC (Remote Procedure Call) is a protocol that allows a program to execute code on another computer.


PPP (Point-to-point) daemon


A protocol used for establishing internet connections over dialup, DSL and other types of links. Some of the PPP daemon responsibilities include, IP negotiation, authentication and security.



Publication Subscription Agent


The PubSub agent syncs the RSS read/unread status of bookmarked RSS feeds between computers that are syncing bookmarks via .Mac Sync.

PubSubAgent is part of the Mac OS Publication Subscription technology introduced in Leopard. In short, it provides support for developers to subscribe to web feeds in their applications. According to Apple documentation, PubSubAgent is a background app that handles downloading of feeds, notification of Publication Subscription clients, and various other tasks.

There have been reports of PubSubAgent unexpectedly quitting when used behind a proxy.


Qmaster daemon


Provides automatic load distribution across processors for CPU intensive projects.

rasterto[printers specific]

Raster To [printers specific]


A CUPS (Common Unix Printing System) filter that handles converting CUPS raster data to a printer.

RetroRun & RetroRunSL



Proprietary process by EMC Insignia’s Retrospect backup software.


Remote Procedure Call (RPC) Locking daemon


Locks files or records on a network. Monitors files & records on a network, if a user opens a file rpc.lockd locks the file for other users.


Security daemon


Maintains security & cryptographic operations and control access to keychain items. securityd was first introduced in Mac OS X version 10.0 (Cheetah) as the “Security Server” and was renamed in 10.4 (Panther) to securityd.




A simple utility to check what services are provided by the system. Can be used to start and stop services, as well as to determine the status of services.


SFL Shared Preferences Tool


A .Mac tool using the SFL (S/MIME Freeware Library) API’s to facilitate applications sharing data with a .Mac account.

SFL is a freeware implementation of IETF S/MIME v3 RFC 2630 CMS and
RFC 2634 ESS security protocols.




See bash


SLP (Service Location protocol) daemon


Announces network services.


Spin Dump


A tool used by various system components to create hang reports and notify the user of application hangs.

Hang reports are stored at:


OpenSSH (Secure Shell) daemon


Listens for incoming ssh (secure shell) connections and provides encrypted communications over an insecure network.


Socket Filter Firewall




System Log utility


Processes & controls the flow of log messages from client processes.


System Starter


A utility to start or stop system services which are located in the StartupItems folder.


System User Interface Server


Maintains the Menu Items on the right side of the menubar, like Date & Time, Language & other custom menus.




Formats tables for the UNIX troff formatting system.




Troff is a UNIX text processing program.


TWAIN Bridge


TWAIN is a standard for acquiring images from image scanners. TWAINBridge is a driver which connects TWAIN compatible devices to applications. TWAIN is maintained by The TWAIN Working Group.




Flushes (writes) filesystem caches to the disk. Update helps protect the integrity of disk volumes by flushing volatile cached filesystem data to disk at thirty second intervals.


USB Muxing daemon


Performs USB multiplexing when synchronizing iTunes music libraries with USB music devices like iPods & iPhones.


Window Server


Manages Application Windows.


Extended Internet Service daemon


Starts programs that provide Internet services. Instead of having services like FTP, HTTP and telnet started at system boot time, and stay dormant until a connection request comes in, only xinetd is started and listens on all ports for services listed in the configuration file. When a request arrives, xinetd starts the appropriate service.

More processes coming up soon…
- diskmanagementto
- issave
- securityagent
- dashboardclient
- writeconfig
- schelper
- managedclient
- authorizationhos
- readconfig
- synchronize-pref

How to Hack your LG CU400 Phone Thu, 02 Aug 2007 23:54:03 +0000 joshmax

First let me bore with a little history about my phone…

I had a Cingular RAZR until now and was fed up with the s-l-o-w interface and GPRS speed. Since my first year of the 2-year plan was up, I qualified for a phone upgrade. After some pondering I decided to go with one of the newer 3G phones. (more…)]]>
Commonly Misused Words Thu, 02 Aug 2007 17:05:18 +0000 joshmax Many English words have the same pronunciation or similar spelling but have entirely different meanings. This article gives you a handy reference to use when you are confused or in doubt about the spelling of a word you want to use.

If you use the wrong spelling for a word, you can write sentences that don’t say what you want them to say. And of course, using the wrong spelling does nothing to enhance your credibility as a writer…

I’ve included basic descriptions for each word, followed by some examples using each word.

Accept & Except

Accept = Take, Receive

1. This socket won’t accept a three-pronged plug.
2. To accept a proposal.
3. To accept an apology.

Except = Leave out, Exclude

1. They were all there except me.
2. She would travel more except for lack of money.

Affect & Effect

Affect = Influence

1. Cold weather affected the crops.
2. Adverse criticism of the book didn’t affect the author.

Effect = Result, Consequence

1. Exposure to the sun had the effect of toughening her skin.
2. Her protest had no effect.

Already & All ready

Already = Before, Previously, Prior

1. Elvis already left.
2. When they came in, they found he had already arrived.
3. The children were already asleep when I got home.

All ready = Prepared

1. She was all ready to go.

All together & Altogether

All together = Everyone at once

1. The books lay all together in a heap.

Altogether = Completely, Entirely

1. Altogether, I’m glad the winter is over.
2. The debt amounted altogether to forty dollars.

Altar & Alter

Altar = Table of worship, Marry

1. Put the bible on the altar.
2. Traditionally the groom waits at the altar.

Alter = Change, Modify

1. Crime has altered the growth of the cityme.
2. This jacket needs to be altered.

Ascent & Assent

Ascent = Rising, Upward movement

1. The spaceship’s ascent took an entire day.
2. The climbers planned the ascent of Mount Rushmore.

Assent = Agree, Yield

1. The queen assented to the request for an encore.
2. Assenting to her demands, he did as he was told.

This is a work in progress, more coming soon.